The economic, social, and political effects of the Opium Wars can still be seen today. The treaties of Nanking and Tientsin opened numerous ports in China, opening the country to foreign trade. The opening of ports and subsequent increase in trade allowed the tea and silk industries to flourish. Also, with the Hong abolished foreigners could now trade freely in China.
Factors included more market income in the top percentages, a larger increase in wage rates for those at the top, increases in corporate pay, the expansion of technology disproportionately benefiting those at the top, increasing pay for those working in the financial and legal professions, the expansion of financial services, etc.
As a result of that uneven income growth, the share of total after-tax income received by the 1 percent of the population in households with the highest income more than doubled between andwhereas the share received by low- and middle-income households declined….
The share of income received by the top 1 percent grew from about 8 percent in to over 17 percent in Inthe top 1 percent received about the same share of income as the lowest income quintile; bythe top percentile received more than the lowest two income quintiles combined.
In a short follow-upKrugman adds that the change in income share in that period shows that just about all of the redistribution has taken place from the bottom 80 to the top 1.
Noting that around the world there is a new global working wealthy dominating the new global elite, an earlier New York Times article notes for the US that the gap [in the US] between the super rich and everybody else is now greater than at any time since before the Depression of the s.
Furthermore, The richest one-hundredth of 1 percent of American families — about 15, — accounted for less than 1 percent of national income in Bythe figure was 6 percent, according to Tyler Cowen, an economist at George Mason University outside Washington.
That difference translates into hundreds of billions of dollars. Countries like Russia have been seen as having an oligarchical structure. But for a while many have talked of countries like the US also showing similar patterns. And so a long-time concern is that a lot of this increased concentration in wealth is not just from successful business practices, but collusion, corruption and undue influences: The generous government bailouts of United States financial institutions prompted Simon Johnson, a professor of economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to compare American bankers with emerging-market oligarchs.
In an article in The Atlantic magazine, which he later expanded into a book, Mr. Johnson wrote that American financiers had pulled off a quiet coup. They have largely pulled away from their compatriotseven in more egalitarian countries, such as Germany and various Scandinavian countries, while those already with large inequality in emerging developing countries are getting more unequal too.
An analysis of over 43, transnational corporations TNCs has identified a relatively small group of companies, mainly banks, with disproportionate power over the global economy.
The problem with such super concentration is that a small minority can influence the world system disproportionately — what is good for them is not necessarily good for everyone else, for example.
In addition, given the enormous position in the world system, a problem in just a handful of them can, and have, had a terrible effect on the rest of the economy as the current financial crisis has shown. Adam Smith, who was amongst the first to argue for free markets, had also warned against the impacts and undue influences of such concentration, but it would seem the modern TNCs have, in his name, achieved the same position.
Inequality in Cities Around the World Inequality is usually associated with poorer, developing nations. But for many years, studies have shown that many wealthier nations also suffer from inequality, sometimes at levels similar to those of some developing countries.
In addition, and almost counter to conventional wisdom, the report finds that in cities that have high levels of inequality increases the chance of more disparities increases, not reduces, with economic growth. This is because high levels of urban inequality have a dampening effect on economic growth and contribute to a less favorable environment for investment.
This exacerbates insecurity and social unrest which, in turn, diverts public and private resources from social services and productive investments to expenditures for safety and security.
In another UN Habitat report, the issue of equality was noted: Government has many roles but a fundamental one, in democracy, is to build equality. For legitimacy to exist in society, citizens must perceive that inclusion and equality are fundamental objectives of public authorities.
For example, the report adds that in many developing cities, wealthier citizens live in private spaces and may even avoid visiting or walking around in city centers. There is therefore a dilemma that the public sector faces compared to the private sector: In parallel with growing cities are growing informal settlements or slums.
Numerous factors create this rise, from poverty in the countryside, changes towards neoliberal economic ideology, corruption, globalization factors and so on. The problem is so immense that, according to UN Habitat, approximately 1 billion people live in slums in the cities of the world — approximately 1 in every 6 people on the planet.
While there have been some successes in reducing the number of people living in such areas in recent years by about a tenth mostly in China and Indianumerous problems persist. World Habitat Day — Stop forced evictions in AfricaAmnesty International, October Without the ability to make their voices heard, people in informal settlements often find that in addition to less services, the threat of forced eviction is commonplace as private developers often want prime land for development.
Amnesty International provides numerous examples of this from around the world.
A short video summarizes a number of other videos they have compiled on this. The video clip shows that despite the hardships there is still a sense of vibrant humanity. Deep Sea slum in Kenya. With increasing migration to cities almost half of humanity lives in urban areasthere is increasing pressures on providing sufficient resources in a sustainable way.
Furthermore, as cities grow in this way, addressing greenhouse emissions from urban areas can go a long way to helping combat climate change.
Some American cities are as unequal as African and Latin American cities.The global flow of silver from the mid sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century generally had very negative social and economic effects.
Despite early benefits, the increased trade eventually weakened the Ming Empire and %(8). It was recognised that few Third World countries could develop competitively viable export industries in the short term. It was assumed, however, that if a range of protective tariffs and import restrictions were imposed on the import of particular commodities, local industries would .
The economic, social, and political effects of the Opium Wars can still be seen today.
🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. TIME, CONTINUITY, AND CHANGE Social studies programs should include experiences that provide for the study of the past and its legacy. Studying the past makes it possible for us to understand the human story across time. on the social and economic effects of the silver trade, NOT the amount of impact. “During the years to , silver production became very popular. Spanish colonial America and Tokugawa Japan led the world in silver production.” The first sentence is off topic, while the second sentence is merely a restatement of the historical background.
The treaties of Nanking and Tientsin opened numerous ports in China, opening the country to foreign trade. Eric is currently the Founder and CEO of Hub. He was a co-founder at LinkedIn, where he was the founding CTO and a VP. At LinkedIn, Eric helped create some of its core product features, which enabled the company to reach profitability and a quickly growing user base.
Annotated DBQ Rubric: Global Silver Trade Effects 1 Question: Using the documents, analyze the social and economic effects of the global flow of silver from the mid-sixteenth century to the early eighteenth century. Explain how another type of document . Bridging World History is a multimedia course for secondary school and college teachers that looks at global patterns through time, seeing history as an integrated whole.
Topics are studied in a general chronological order, but each is examined through a thematic lens, showing how people and societies experience both integration and differences.