During the 17th century, however, the word became synonymous with single units of agricultural production that raised crops for export.
Support Aeon Donate now Here is the challenge: While such a project might seem quixotic, we have to try. More broadly, this is the story of all the Americas, though the particular ways in which European, African and Native American peoples became intertwined in the process varies greatly from place to place.
The questions posed by Atlantic History are about how to tell that story. Who do we place at the centre of this history? What categories of analysis should we use, and what social, economic and institutional structures should we focus on?
It makes The plantation system and colonialism history essay sense that a body of water has become the basis for a questioning of some of our broadest and most cherished historical narratives.
Until the invention of the railroad, water was the most important vehicle for movement — of people, goods, rumours, songs, ideas. The world was connected by ports, and in many ways ports came to resemble each other. But if it was a connected world, it was also one in which experiences and perspectives were widely divergent.
From whose perspective should we try to reconstruct what the Atlantic world actually looked like? At the basis of every work of history is a question of positioning.
This is also, on some level, an ethical question. Whose history are you telling? And from whose perspective? As the Haitian thinker Jean Casimir likes to put it, when you write the story of Columbus arriving in what the indigenous people then called Ayiti, you have to make a decision: Traditionally, the history of the Americas was written largely from perspective of Europeans, the conquerors and settlers.
It was their writings, their archives, that sustained the history, and in a broader sense European epistemologies and ideologies that undergirded the very sense of what constituted history.
In the past decades, historians have struggled to reverse this pattern, telling histories grounded in the perspectives and experiences of Native Americans as well as the Africans and African-Americans who were enslaved in the Americas. There is a dream at the centre of a lot of historical work that we can find a balance between all these perspectives — that we can in fact, be both on the boat and the shore at the same time, or perhaps floating above, taking notes with equanimity.
But while that is at least useful as an aspiration, it is never really that simple. The two perspectives involve deep questions: Casimir, then, is probably right that there are fundamental choices to be made.
And while there are few moments in history where the potential for divergent perspectives is quite as radical as it is at the moment of conquest, any historical moment is defined by the differences in perspective — themselves historically constituted — carried by different participants.
The Atlantic was the site of one of the most dramatic movements of people in human history: The history of the slave ship is at the centre of Atlantic History. About 45 per cent of the Africans brought to the Americas came to the Caribbean, a region that has been one of the most generative in terms of both theory and practice surrounding the problem of writing history.
In the decades since, other thinkers — notably the Haitian anthropologist Michel-Rolph Trouillot — have been at the centre of discussions about how we write modern history from a perspective rooted in the Caribbean.
And at the centre of much of this thinking about history and politics in the Caribbean has been one of the most interesting epics in modern history: Stretching from tothe Haitian Revolution was both a local and a global event, a true world-historical moment in ways that are increasingly acknowledged today.
One useful way for us to think about the Haitian Revolution is as the most radical and therefore one of the most important assertions of the right to have rights in human history. Even more so than the American and French revolutions, with which it was intertwined, the Haitian Revolution posed a set of absolutely central political questions.
It did so in a way that was illegible to many and forcibly repressed by others. But any true analysis of modern political history, not only of Haiti but of the world, has to grapple with the implications of this revolution for core concepts surrounding modern politics.
The French colony of Saint-Domingue, the pinnacle of the Atlantic slave system and the richest of the plantation colonies of the Americas, was based on a radical refusal of sovereignty to the majority. Ninety per cent of the population of the colony was enslaved — more than half of them African-born, many of them recent arrivals in the colony at the time of the beginning of the revolution in — and were not considered legal or political subjects in any sense.
They were chattel property who, through a carefully institutionalised system of law combined with forms of violent repression, were refused any possibility for self-autonomy.
Nevertheless, they carved out spaces of autonomy within the plantation, by cultivating small plots of land and bringing products to market.
They also created spaces of cultural and intellectual freedom, crafting political visions that would ultimately find voice in the revolution. The plantation order was based on racial ideologies that emerged out of and were buttressed by the Atlantic slave system.
At the core of these ideologies was a kind of dialectic that enabled the simultaneous celebration of a capacity for free action and sovereignty on the part of certain groups while simultaneously denying that same capacity to others.Printable Version.
Overview of the Colonial Era Digital History ID The year marks a watershed in modern world history. Columbus's voyage of discovery inaugurated a series of developments that would have vast consequences for both the Old World and the New.
WRITING A GOOD TERM PAPER. Term papers can take several forms, ranging from historiographical surveys of a particular topic to focussed analyses using a body of primary sources (journals, plantation records, newspapers).
History is a wide ranging subject and our history essay examples will help inspire your studies. Our essays and dissertations cover popular history topics including the arts, past and present, the Hundred Years’ War, civil war in seventeenth century Britain, the development of nation states after the French Revolution, European imperialism in Africa, conflict and change in.
Feb 04, · View and download colonialism essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your colonialism essay. efforts of history as it provides the weakening of the former financial structuring and places a stronger unified system in its place.
U S History Like Many Colonialism. View Full Essay. The plantation econ of the south required extensive labor and African's proved more econ sound than the previous system of indentured servitude.
As the southern plantation economy expanded to include, indigo, rice, and eventually cotton, the plantation owners became more dependent on slave labor. Watch video · William Bradford () was a founder and longtime governor of the Plymouth Colony settlement.
Born in England, he migrated with the .