If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services. The political economy of development looks into the fundamental question of why some countries and regions of the world are rich and others are poor. A variety of competing schools of thought seek to explain the main reasons for underdevelopment and how to overcome development challenges. The political economy of development deals with economic considerations, but it also includes political dimensions as key factors for development prospects of countries and regions.
References and Further Reading 1. The philosophical and political notion of recognition predominantly refers to 3and is often taken to mean that not only is recognition an important means of valuing or respecting another person, it is also fundamental to understanding ourselves.
Here A and B indicate two individual persons, specifically A is the recogniser and B the recognisee. For example, I may recognise you as a person possessing certain rights and responsibilities in light of your being an autonomous, rational human being for more on defining the structure of recognition, see Laitinen, This means that we must place sufficient value in the recogniser in order for their attitude towards us to count as recognitive.
Brandom approaches this idea through the idea of authority, arguing that a genuine instance of recognition requires Political development 2 essay we authorise someone to confer recognition. Similarly, one can gain authority and responsibility by petitioning others for recognition. Consequently, one has authority only insofar as one is recognised as authoritative.
We may not consider being valued by a wilful criminal as any sort of recognition in the sense being defined here. We do not judge them capable of conferring value on us, as we do not accord any value or respect to them.
Similarly, someone who is coerced into recognising us may also fail to count as a relevant judge. A king who demands recognition of his superiority from all his subjects, simply in virtue of his being king, and threatens to punish them if they disobey, does not receive any meaningful kind of recognition for the subjects do not genuinely choose to confer value on him.
Thus, in recognising another, we must also be recognised as a subject capable of giving recognition. This indicates that reciprocity or mutuality is likely to be a necessary condition of appropriate recognition for a discussion of this point, see Laden, A further issue in defining recognition is whether it is generative or responsive Laitinen, ; Markell, A generation-model of recognition focuses on the ways in which recognition produces or generates reasons for actions or self-understandings.
This is to say that someone ought to act in a certain way in virtue of being recognised as, for example, recognising someone as a rational being will generate certain duties and responsibilities for both the person being recognised and those who interact with him.
A response-model of recognition focuses on the ways in which recognition acknowledges pre-existing features of a person. Here, to recognise someone is to acknowledge them as they already really are Appiah, This means that there are reasons why one ought to give recognition to someone prior to the act of recognition itself.
The demand for recognition in a response-model is produced and justified through pre-existing characteristics of a person, whilst in the generation-model it is the act of recognition itself which confers those characteristics onto a person through their being recognised as such.
A third issue is whether groups or collectives can count as recognisers and recognisees. For example, when speaking of recognising a particular cultural group, do we mean we recognise that group qua a group, or as a collection of individuals?
Similarly, does the granting of certain rights or respect apply to the group itself or the individual members belonging to that group?
For a detailed discussion and defence of group-differentiated minority rights, see Kymlicka, These questions revolve, at least in part, around the ontological status afforded to groups or collectives.
Advocates of a politics of recognition are not always clear regarding whether or not groups can be granted recognition. Debates over the legitimacy or sovereignty of a state may depend upon the extent to which we recognise it as legitimate or sovereign.
Important discussions of groups as entities include TuomelaJones and List and Pettit However, as yet there has been little analysis of the connection between recognition and the ontology of groups.Political Development Essay Examples.
9 total results. The Economical and Political Aspects of Cuba.
1, words. The Changes and Development of the Political State of Countries Today. 1, words. 3 pages. The Intrigues of the Political and Social Developments in the 20th Century. 1, words. Hegel: Social and Political Thought. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel () is one of the greatest systematic thinkers in the history of Western philosophy.
One evening over dinner, I began to joke, as I often had before, about writing an essay called “Men Explain Things to Me.” Every writer has a stable of ideas that never make it to the racetrack, and I’d been trotting this pony out recreationally every once in a while.
Globalisation refers to the process by which the world’s local and regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated together through a global network of communication, transportation and trade.
With reference to industry it is also the shift to a globalised economic system dominated by supranational (across and above the governments of nations) corporate trade and banking.
Corruption: Political Corruption and Economic Development Essay Stephen Welling Blog 9 Professor Hawkins, below is an assessment of my findings.
For my research I have looked to see if a relationship between economic development . Anthropology and Development studies. Study the diverse ways that people today interact, organise and find meaning in their lives. Explore the processes of social, economic, political and cultural change that underlie poverty, inequality and insecurity in the contemporary world.