The Environment The underworld is a major religious aspect of many cultures. The Greeks portray their beliefs of the horrid misery of life and afterlife through the Odyssey and the ancient Mesopotamians portray their fear of death and struggle through The Epic of Gilgamesh.
Both are historical poems which shape their respected culture and both have major social, cultural, and political impacts on the development of western civilization literature and writing.
Before any analysis is made, it is vital that some kind of a foundation be established so that a further, in-depth exploration of the complex nature of both narratives can be accomplished.
The epic of Gilgamesh is an important Middle Eastern literary work, written in cuneiform on 12 clay tablets about BC. This heroic poem is named for its hero, Gilgamesh, a tyrannical Babylonian king who ruled the city of Uruk, known in the Bible as Erech now Warka, Iraq.
According to the myth, the gods respond to the prayers of the oppressed citizenry of Uruk and send a wild, brutish man, Enkidu, to challenge Gilgamesh to a wrestling match.
When the contest ends with neither as a clear victor, Gilgamesh and Enkidu become close friends. They journey together and share many adventures. Accounts of their heroism and bravery in slaying dangerous beasts spread to many lands.
When the two travelers return to Uruk, Ishtar guardian deity of the city proclaims her love for the heroic Gilgamesh.
When he rejects her, she sends the Bull of Heaven to destroy the city. Gilgamesh and Enkidu kill the bull, and, as punishment for his participation, the gods doom Enkidu to die. The sage recounts to Gilgamesh a story of a great flood the details of which are so remarkably similar to later biblical accounts of the flood that scholars have taken great interest in this story.
After much hesitation, Utnapishtim reveals to Gilgamesh that a plant bestowing eternal youth is in the sea. Gilgamesh dives into the water and finds the plant but later loses it to a serpent and, disconsolate, returns to Uruk to end his days.
This saga was widely studied and translated in ancient times. Biblical writers appear to have modeled their account of the friendship of David and Jonathan on the relationship between Gilgamesh and Enkidu.
Numerous Greek writers also incorporated elements found in the Gilgamesh epic into their dragon-slaying epics and into stories concerning the close bond between Achilles and Patroclus.
One major difference between Gilgamesh and Rama in their roles as heroes was that Gilgamesh went on a selfish quest to gain immortality after Enkidu's death out of the fear of dying. Their comrades, Enkidu and Patroclus are outwardly similar, but the critical differences between Achilles’ and Gilgamesh’s view of mortality may ultimately lie in the finer details distinguishing the two sidemen. To begin, Achilles and Gilgamesh have some very basic similarities of their positions in life. Gilgamesh and Achilles Essay Oedipus Modern Comparison/Contrast Essay Similarities and Differences Between the Gods in Gilgamesh and God in Genesis Essay.
Gilgamesh is definitely the best known of all ancient Mesopotamian heroes. Numerous tales in the Akkadian language have been told about Gilgamesh, and the whole collection has been described as an odyssey the odyssey of a king who did not want to die.
This is one of the major differences between the heroic characters. Beowulf, in order to achieve immortality through the tales of his bards, must perish in battle to accomplish this task. A similarity between both characters is their desire to obtain immortality. They both have different techniques in trying to reach their ultimate destination, although both share the unique qualities of being flawless, strong, and heroic to the end.
The fullest extant text of the Gilgamesh epic is on twelve incomplete Akkadian-language tablets found at Nineveh in the library of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal reigned BC. The gaps that occur in the tablets have been partly filled by various fragments found elsewhere in Mesopotamia and Anatolia.As for differences, The Epic of Gilgamesh is more classically literary, reading more like a novel, whereas The Iliad is originally an epic poem, and it's verse structure lingers in .
Gilgamesh and Achilles Essay Oedipus Modern Comparison/Contrast Essay Similarities and Differences Between the Gods in Gilgamesh and God in Genesis Essay. The two heroes could hardly be more different. Achilles is obsessed with his personal glory.
In the Iliad he quarrels with Agamemnon, and withdraws his army from the Greek force. Achilles refuses to fight due to his issues with Agamemnon, however Achilles' forces continue to fight without him, hence the death of his best friend.
Otherwise that death would not have occured, as he was also an advisor to Achilles.
Jul 08, · Gilgamesh Vs Superman I am writing about the comparison and the contrast of Gilgamesh and Superman. I am also writing about each of . Differences Between Achilles and Gilgamesh Essay Sample.
There are many similarities and differences between Achilles and Gilgamesh. He was the most powerful hero that fought in .