An introduction to the opposing views of the affirmative action program

Affirmative action in university admissions: The ruling follows up on Fisher v.

An introduction to the opposing views of the affirmative action program

Affirmative action in China There is affirmative action in education for minority nationalities. This may equate to lowering minimum requirements for the National University Entrance Examination, which is a mandatory exam for all students to enter university.

Affirmative Action Debate

Israel[ edit ] A class-based affirmative action policy was incorporated into the admission practices of the four most selective universities in Israel during the early to mids. In evaluating the eligibility of applicants, neither their financial status nor their national or ethnic origins are considered.

The emphasis, rather, is on structural disadvantages, especially neighborhood socioeconomic status and high school rigor, although several individual hardships are also weighed.

This policy made the four institutions, especially the echelons at the most selective departments, more diverse than they otherwise would have been. In the negotiation for status as worthy peers, emphasizing gender signals that a woman is an "imposter", someone who does not rightfully belong in the position she is claiming to fill.

This suggests that affirmative action can have applications for different groups in Israel. Reservation in India Reservation in India is a form of affirmative action designed to improve the well-being of backward and under-represented communities defined primarily by their caste.

Malaysia provides affirmative action to the majority because in general, the Malays have lower incomes than the Chinese, who have traditionally been involved in businesses and industries, but who were also general migrant workers.

Affirmative Action essay, term papers, research paper

Sri Lanka[ edit ] In the Standardization policy of Sri Lankan universities was introduced as an affirmative action program for students from areas which had lower rates of education than other areas due to missionary activity in the north and east, which essentially were the Tamil areas.

Successive governments cultivated a historical myth after the colonial powers had left that the British had practised communal favouritism towards Christians and the minority Tamil community for the entire years they had controlled Sri Lanka. However, the Sinhalese in fact benefitted from trade and plantation cultivations over the rest of the other groups and their language and culture as well as the religion of Buddhism was fostered and made into mediums for schools over the Tamil language, which did not have the same treatment and Tamils learned English instead as there was no medium for Tamil until near independence.

The British sending the missionaries to the north and east was for the protection of the Sinhalese and in fact showed favouritism to the majority group instead of the minorities to maintain trading relationships and benefits from them. The Tamils, out of this random benefit from learning English and basic education excelled and flourished and were able to take many civil service jobs to the chagrin of the Sinhalese.

The myth of Divide and Rule is untrue.

An introduction to the opposing views of the affirmative action program

The policy, were it not implemented would have prevented the civil wars ahead as the policies had no basis and in fact is an example of discrimination against the Tamil ethnic group.

In addition to these linguistic quotas, women may get preferential treatment in recruitment for certain public sector jobs if there is a gender imbalance in the field.

France[ edit ] No distinctions based on race, religion or sex are allowed under the French Constitution. Some schools, in neighborhoods labeled "Priority Education Zones", are granted more funds than the others.

Students from these schools also benefit from special policies in certain institutions such as Sciences Po. After the Sarkozy election, a new attempt in favour of Arab-French students was made, but Sarkozy did not gain enough political support to change the French constitution.

An introduction to the opposing views of the affirmative action program

However, some French schools do implement affirmative action in that they are obligated to take a certain number of students from impoverished families. All appointments of males as directors will be invalid as long as the quota is not met, and monetary penalties may apply for other directors.

There are programs stating that if men and women have equal qualifications, women have to be preferred for a job; moreover, the disabled should be preferred to non-disabled people.

Affirmative action in university admissions: Research roundup - Journalist's Resource

This is typical for all positions in state and university service as of [update]typically using the phrase "We try to increase diversity in this line of work".Using the term ‘affirmative opportunity’ to describe such programs, I illustrate their application with three cases: the University of California, Irvine’s revised affirmative action admissions procedure; the University of Michigan Law School’s affirmative action program, which was upheld by the Supreme Court in ; and the hiring and.

“Affirmative action” means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and culture from which they have been historically excluded. CASE AGAINST AFFIRMATIVE ACTION I.

PROBLEMS OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION Affirmative action arose as a response to the special case of blacks in America, and indeed that is a special case. No other ra-cial or ethnic group endured centuries of slavery and Jim Crow laws. Jan 06,  · Essay, term paper research paper on Affirmative Action.

There are two instances when opposing affirmative act 0. 0. Affirmative Action essays / Affirmative Action:An Unessary AFFIRMATIVE ACTION INTRODUCTION This paper was written to show how Affirmative Action took place. It deals with the idea that diversity . According to a poll taken by USA Today in , the majority of Americans support affirmative action for women, while views on minority groups were more split.

Men are only slightly more likely to support affirmative action for women; though a majority of both do. Moreover, affirmative action programs are condescending to the underrepresented groups since it is implied that the groups need affirmative action in order to succeed in higher education.

States should focus on other policies or programs that encourage equal opportunity, such as setting high expectations for all students and improving their college readiness.

Affirmative Action Debate