Contact Author It is a common refrain among American political pundits that we are in a period of severe cultural polarization. Our political discussions have become sharply partisan and we express our disagreements with one another in a more uncivilized fashion than ever before. Indeed, the rancor we often see on display on the campaign trail and in our hour news media may indeed give one cause to desire to return to a time when the stakes didn't seem quite so high and the accusations flung between candidates and their surrogates didn't strike such a personal chord.
Visit Website Departing from the monarchical tradition of Britain, the founding fathers of the United States created a system in which the American people had the power and responsibility to select their leader.
Under this new order, George Washington, the first U. At the time, only white men who owned property could vote, but the 15th, 19th and 26th Amendments to the Constitution have since expanded the right of suffrage to all citizens over Taking place every four years, presidential campaigns and elections have evolved into a series of fiercely fought, and sometimes controversial, contests, now played out in the hour news cycle.
The stories behind each election—some ending in landslide victories, others decided by the narrowest of margins—provide a roadmap to the events of U. George Washington — unopposed The first presidential election was held on the first Wednesday of January in No one contested the election of George Washingtonbut he remained reluctant to run until the last minute, in part because he believed seeking the office would be dishonorable.
Only when Alexander Hamilton and others convinced him that it would be dishonorable to refuse did he agree to run. The Constitution allowed each state to decide how to choose its presidential electors.
Inonly Pennsylvania and Maryland held elections for this purpose; elsewhere, the state legislatures chose the electors. This method caused some problems in New Yorkwhich was so divided between Federalists who supported the new Constitution and Antifederalists who opposed it that the legislature failed to choose either presidential electors or U.
Before the adoption of the Twelfth Amendment, each elector cast two votes for president. The candidate with a majority won the presidency, and the runner-up became vice president. Most Federalists agreed that John Adams should be vice president.
But Hamilton feared that if Adams was the unanimous choice, he would end in a tie with Washington and might even become president, an outcome that would be highly embarrassing for both Washington and the new electoral system.
George Washington — unopposed As inpersuading George Washington to run was the major difficulty in selecting a president in Washington complained of old age, sickness, and the increasing hostility of the Republican press toward his administration.
The press attacks were symptomatic of the increasing split within the government between Federalists, who were coalescing around Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, and Republicans, forming around Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson.
James Madisonamong others, convinced Washington to continue as president by arguing that only he could hold the government together. Speculation then shifted to the vice presidency.
Hamilton and the Federalists supported the reelection of John Adams.
Republicans favored New York governor George Clinton, but Federalists feared him partly because of a widespread belief that his recent election to the governorship was fraudulent.
In addition, the Federalists feared that Clinton would belittle the importance of the federal government by retaining his governorship while serving as vice president. Only electoral votes are recorded here, because most states still did not select presidential electors by popular vote.
Nor was there a separate vote for president and vice president until the Twelfth Amendment took effect in Thomas Jefferson The election, which took place against a background of increasingly harsh partisanship between Federalists and Republicans, was the first contested presidential race. The Republicans called for more democratic practices and accused the Federalists of monarchism.
The Republicans sympathized with revolutionary France, but not necessarily with the Jacobins. Republicans favored a decentralized agrarian republic; Federalists called for the development of commerce and industry.
State legislatures still chose electors in most states, and there was no separate vote for vice president. Each elector cast two votes for president, with the runner-up becoming vice president. Thomas Jefferson was the Republican standard-bearer, with Aaron Burr as his running mate.
Alexander Hamilton, always intriguing against Adams, tried to throw some votes to Jefferson in order to elect Pinckney president.
Instead, Adams won with 71 votes; Jefferson became vice president, with 68; Pinckney came in third with 59; Burr received only 30; and 48 votes went to various other candidates. John Adams The significance of the election lay in the fact that it entailed the first peaceful transfer of power between parties under the U.
This peaceful transfer occurred despite defects in the Constitution that caused a breakdown of the electoral system. During the campaign, Federalists attacked Jefferson as an un-Christian deist, tainted by his sympathy for the increasingly bloody French Revolution.
Unfortunately, the system still provided no separate votes for president and vice president, and Republican managers failed to deflect votes from their vice-presidential candidate, Aaron Burr. Therefore, Jefferson and Burr tied with 73 votes each; Adams received 65 votes, his vice-presidential candidate, Charles C.United States presidential election of United States presidential election of , American presidential election held on Nov.
4, , in which Democrat Grover Cleveland defeated Republican James G. Blaine. The election was marked by bitter mudslinging and scandalous accusations that overshadowed substantive issues such .
United States presidential election of United States presidential election of , American presidential election held on Nov. 6, , in which incumbent Republican Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower defeated Democrat Adlai E. Stevenson.
It was the second consecutive election in which Stevenson lost to Eisenhower. In the winter . Watch video · Departing from the monarchical tradition of Britain, the founding fathers of the United States created a system in which the American people had .
What is the single longest Presidential Campaign run in the United States? I am eliminating campaigns like Donald Trump that might have started and stopped without a serious intention to continue. Browse other questions tagged united-states political-history president or ask your own question.
asked. 6 . Nov 04, · The Messiest Presidential Election Campaigns To Date While the campaign for President of the United States likely goes down in history as one of the messiest and nastiest campaigns in American History, the jabs between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump are not the worst that occurred between rutadeltambor.comtion: CEO.
Above all, Boller makes clear that, despite their shortcomings, presidential campaigns are an inseparable part of democratic politics in the United States. These quadrennial showdowns have alternately perplexed, pleased and fascinated the American people, teaching us Reviews: