A biography of two of the greatest astronomers of all time claudius ptolemy and nicolaus copernicus

Ptolemy is known to have made astronomical observations at Alexandria in Egypt between andand he probably lived on into the reign of Marcus Aurelius Beyond the fact that his On the Faculty of Judgment indicates his adherence to Stoic doctrine, nothing more of his biography is available.

A biography of two of the greatest astronomers of all time claudius ptolemy and nicolaus copernicus

Claudius Ptolemy wrote the Almagest, the work that defined astronomy for over 1, years. The Almagest included a catalogue of over a thousand stars, recording their positions, constellations, and relative brightnesses; and a mathematical model predicting the movements of the planets.

Alexandria was built by the Ancient Greeks, but later conquered by the Romans.

His Influence

Claudius is a Roman name and Claudius Ptolemy was a Roman citizen. Ptolemy, however, is a Greek name and Ptolemy wrote in Greek. There is, however, no direct evidence to support a relationship. We do not know what Ptolemy looked like. Images we have of him were first created over a thousand years after he lived.

Claudius is a Roman name and Claudius Ptolemy was a Roman citizen. Ptolemy, however, is a Greek name and Ptolemy wrote in Greek. He was possibly related to the Greek Ptolemy royal dynasty, ousted by the Romans in 30 BC. Astronomers can now calculate the precise location in the sky of any heavenly body at any time in history. Ancient. Ptolemy was the world’s foremost expert on astrology, which in ancient times was an extremely important and fundamental way of understanding the fate and workings of all humanity. He wrote a series of four books called the Tetrabiblos, which for centuries were the central “instruction manuals” for applying and understanding astrology. Nicolaus Copernicus Biography: Facts & Discoveries. just two months before he died. He diplomatically dedicated the book to Pope Paul III. The Most Famous Astronomers of .

The Almagest was a substantial, ambitious work. Using his tables, one could also predict eclipses. Ptolemy first entitled his book Mathematical Treatise. To create the Almagest, Ptolemy assembled observations of the heavens spanning many hundreds of years, beginning with data compiled in Babylon in BC.

A biography of two of the greatest astronomers of all time claudius ptolemy and nicolaus copernicus

He used state-of-the-art mathematics to analyze and interpret the data to create his model. The heavens move like a sphere.

A biography of two of the greatest astronomers of all time claudius ptolemy and nicolaus copernicus

The earth and the heavenly bodies are spheres. The earth is at the center of the universe. The earth does not move from its position at the center. There is some merit in the idea that the earth rotates through a complete circle once a day.

However, our planet would have to spin so quickly that the effects would be noticeable. Therefore, the earth is stationary and the heavens move. There are two types of motion in the heavens: There is no up or down in the universe.

To help budding astronomers with their calculations, Ptolemy offered them a large table of chords. Chords are used for trigonometry calculations: Ptolemy probably got his table of chords from an earlier Greek genius: He incorrectly placed the earth at the center of the universe.

He correctly showed the stars as the bodies farthest from Earth. He incorrectly showed Mercury as the planet closest to Earth. Modern scholars believe Ptolemy assembled much of his star catalog from an earlier one compiled by Hipparchus.

The Planet Problem Although the stars seemed to move with reassuring predictability, the paths of the planets in the night sky were harder to forecast. Mars, of course, does not really change direction and go backwards.

To an Earth based observer, the paths followed by planets look strange. When a planet seems to track backwards it is said to undergo retrograde motion.Ptolemy was the world’s foremost expert on astrology, which in ancient times was an extremely important and fundamental way of understanding the fate and workings of all humanity.

He wrote a series of four books called the Tetrabiblos, which for centuries were the central “instruction manuals” for applying and understanding astrology.

Nicolaus Copernicus was born in the city of Torun, in the Prince-Bishopric of Warmia, northern Poland on February 19, His name at birth was Mikolaj Kopernik.

At university he started calling himself the Latin form of his name, Nicolaus Copernicus. One of the most influential Greek astronomers and geographers of his time, Ptolemy propounded the geocentric theory in a form that prevailed for years. However, of all the ancient Greek mathematicians, it is fair to say that his work has generated more .

Claudius Ptolemy Biography. Ptolemy’s ‘Almagest’ is one of the greatest scientific texts of all time. It is a critical source of information on ancient Greek astronomy and its geocentric model was accepted for more than years from its origin. Nicolaus Copernicus (Polish) Paul Bernays (Swiss) Roger Tomlinson (British) Hermann Place Of Birth: Egypt.

Early Astronomers: Ptolemy, Aristotle, Copernicus, and Galileo. By: () and the science of his time. Includes a biography, letters from his daughter, and a tour of his home.

From Rice University. Sixteenth century engraving of Claudius Ptolemy (AD c). Claudius Ptolemy Facts The Greek astronomer, astrologer, and geographer Claudius Ptolemy (ca.

ca. ) established the system of mathematical astronomy that remained standard in Christian and Moslem countries until the 16th century.

Ptolemy | Accomplishments, Biography, & Facts | rutadeltambor.com